Stomach cancer is treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination of these. Surgical options depend on the extent of cancer within the stomach and include partial or total gastrectomy (removal of the stomach).
Radiation and chemotherapy may be used before or after surgery to target the growing cancer cells in the stomach. Two medications commonly used for chemotherapy in gastric cancer patients include Fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin (Platinol). In advanced cases of gastric cancer, surgery or chemotherapy may be used to alleviate symptoms. This is known as supportive care or palliative care.
Immunotherapy (a.k.a Immuno-Oncology)
Immuno-Oncology (I-O) is an innovative area of research that seeks to help the body's own immune system fight cancer. The goal is to address the unmet need for long-term survival in patients with advanced cancers. Learn more about these treatments at the following websites.
The 5-year survival rate for people diagnosed with stage IV gastric cancer is only 4% and the overall 5-year survival rate is approximately 29%. This number is low because most cases are detected at a late stage when cancer has already spread outside the stomach. However, cases that are detected at earlier stages have a better prognosis.
Although the National Cancer Institute spends approximately 11 million to 12 million dollars annually on gastric cancer research, this is less than 0.5% of the total NCI budget. However, many medical centers develop clinical trials to learn more about prevention and treatment of gastric cancer.
To make scientific advances in stomach cancer, doctors and scientists conduct research studies involving volunteers, called clinical trials. Many clinical trials are focused on new treatments, new drugs or new approaches to existing treatments. Other clinical trials are focused on stomach cancer prevention, familial genetics or on easing symptoms and side effects during treatment. Patients that participate in clinical trials are often first to receive new treatments or information before they become widely available.
Do you have questions about Clinical Trials, their risks, and benefits? You can view a complete video library of frequently asked questions about clinical trials at the link below provided by the American Society of Clinical Oncology PRE-ACT program.
Clinical trials are critical for advancing cancer treatment, but very few patients participate because they don't know about trials or understand what they are.
• PRE-ACT is an educational program, delivered using videos, designed to help patients better understand what clinical trials are and how they work.
• PRE-ACT helps to make patients aware of all the possible treatment options. Each video offers practical information in less than 2 minutes.
• PRE-ACT features an online decision-making tool that identifies knowledge gaps and attitudes about clinical trials. It then recommends a series of personalized videos that will address specific patient questions and concerns.
• PRE-ACT was tested with more than 1,200 patients in a phase III randomized clinical trial.
Find a Clinical Trial
Get information on current clinical trials, including a trial's purpose, who may participate, locations and how to obtain more details on clinical trials being conducted throughout the United States and around the world.